Funding Calculation

- USDT-M Futures Guides

USDT-margined Swaps has no expiry or delivery, and anchors the contract price to the spot price by using the "Funding Mechanism".

USDT-margined Swaps are settled every 8 hours at the end of each period. There are three periods in total, which are 00: 00-8: 00, 8: 00-16: 00, 16: 00-00:00 (+1). The settlement time is 8:00 for the first period, 16:00 for the second period; 00:00 for the third period. The above are GMT+8 time.

Only users who hold positions at the settlement have to pay or receive funding; Users whose positions have been closed before the settlement are not required to pay or receive funding.

At the settlement, whether a user should receive or pay funding depends on the funding rate of the current period and the positions of the user. If the funding rate is positive, users with long positions should pay funding to users with short positions; if the funding rate is negative, users with short positions should pay funding to users with long positions.

Funding is a payment between users. HTX does not charge any funding from users.

**Funding Calculation**

The funding that users should pay or receive is calculated as below:

**Funding = Net Position * Contract Face Value * Settlement Price * Funding Rate**

Among which, Net Position =Quantity of long positions – Quantity of short positions

When the funding rate is greater than 0, users with a net position greater than 0 have to pay funding, and users with a net position less than 0 will receive funding; when the funding rate is less than 0, users with a net position greater than 0 will receive funding, and users with a net position less than 0 have to pay funding.

Note: For a swaps that support both cross and isolated margin modes, the funding for the cross margin account and the isolated margin account will be calculated separately.

**Funding Rate Calculation**

Funding costs are settled based on the real-time funding rate for the current period. For example, settlement occurs at 16:00 (UTC+8), and we use the real-time funding rate calculated from the average premium index between 8:00 AM and 4:00 PM (UTC+8) on the same day for the funding cost calculation. Please note that the funding rate may fluctuate until the funding cost payment deadline, and you can manage your positions flexibly based on the actual circumstances.

The funding rate is composed of a comprehensive interest rate and a premium.

- Comprehensive interest rate：

Each contract traded on HTX is comprised of two currencies: the underlying currency and the denominated currency. For example: for BTC- USDT swaps contracts, the underlying currency is BTC, and the denominated currency is USDT.

Underlying currency interest rate: The daily lending rate of the underlying currency in the market. For example, because the underlying currency of the BTC-USDT swaps is BTC, the underlying currency interest rate is the daily lending rate of BTC.

Denominated currency interest rate: The daily lending rate of the denominated currency in the market. For example, because the denominated currency of the BTC perpetual contract is USDT, the denominated currency interest rate is the daily lending rate of USDT.

**Comprehensive interest rate = (denominated currency interest rate – underlying currency interest rate) / Funding settlement frequency**

Currently, the denominated currency interest rate is 0.06% and the underlying currency interest rate is 0.03% for all swaps, and the settlement frequency is 8 hours (3 times per day). Therefore, the current comprehensive interest rate of all perpetual swap is 0.01%.

- Premium：

Perpetual Swap may have a premium or discount when compared to its fair price. HTX uses the premium index to measure the premium level of the contract and add it to the calculation of the funding rate. The higher the level of premium, the greater the funding rate, and the more motivation the shorts have to open short positions; the lower the level of the premium, the smaller the funding rate, and the more motivation the longs have to open long positions. By raising or lowering the funding rate, the contract price will return to a relatively reasonable level.

a. Funding rate basis rate

Funding rate basis rate reflects the basis difference generated by the funding in current period.**Funding rate basis rate = Current-period funding rate * (Time interval from current time to current-period settlement time / Settlement cycle)**

If the current-period the funding rate of BTC-USDT swaps is 0.01%, the current time is 12:00, and the current-period settlement time is 16:00, meaning there are 4 hours to the settlement, and the settlement cycle is 8 hours (settled every 8 hours), then the current funding rate basis rate = 0.01% * ( 4 / 8 ) = 0.005%.

b. Fair price

The fair price is a relatively reasonable reference price for the perpetual swap based on the current spot index price and the current funding rate basis rate.**Fair price = Index price * (1 + funding rate basis rate)**

For example, if the current BTC index price is 10,000 USDT and the BTC-USDT swaps funding rate basis rate is 0.005%, then the current BTC-USDT perpetual swap fair price = 10000 * ( 1 + 0.005% ) = 10000.5 USDT.

c. Depth weighted bid / ask prices

The depth weighted bid price: the average bid price when the cumulative amount of open orders from bid_one reaches N USDT based on the open orders on current order book.

The depth weighted ask price: the average ask price when the cumulative amount of open orders from ask_one reaches N USDT on based on the open orders on current order book.

The value range of N: 8000 USDT. That is, Sum (order price * order quantity) = 8000 USDT

d. Premium index

The premium index reflects the current premium situation caused by the combination of funding rate basis rate and the deviation of the depth buy/sell price from the fair price.

**Premium Index = [Max(0, Depth-Weighted Bid Price - Index Price) - Max(0, Index Price - Depth-Weighted Ask Price)] / Index Price ；**

The premium index is calculated every 5 seconds, resulting in 12 premium index values per minute. With a settlement occurring every 8 hours, there will be a total of 5760 premium index values.

e. Average premium index

Average Premium Index (P) = (1 * Premium Index_1 + 2 * Premium Index_2 + 3 * Premium Index_3 +···+ n * Premium Index_n) / (1 + 2 + 3 +···+ n)

- Premium Index 1: The first premium index n = 60/5 * 60 * 8 = 5,760 (assuming the funding rate interval is 8 hours).

Funding Rate of Next Period, which is determined by the comprehensive interest rate and average premium index, is as follows:**Funding Rate Of Next Period = clamp (average premium index + clamp (comprehensive interest rate – average premium index, premium deviating from upper limit, premium deviating from lower limit), upper limit of funding rate, lower limit of funding rate)**

Among them, clamp is an interval-limited function. When the target value exceeds the upper and lower limits, only the boundary value is taken. For example, clamp (a, max, min), the result is max when a > max; the result is a when a < min.

The **comprehensive interest rate – average premium index** is limited by the premium deviation from the upper limit and the premium deviation from the lower limit, which is in between; the final forecasting the funding rate of next period is limited by the upper limit of the capital rate and the lower limit of the fund rate, which is in between.

- As a example for BTC

Swaps |
Upper Limit for Premium Deviation |
Lower Limit for Premium Deviation |
Upper Limit of Funding Rate |
Lower Limit of Funding Rate |

BTC |
0.05% |
-0.05% |
0.375% |
-0.375% |

**[searching limit of more trading pairs]**

[The above data and indicator contents may be adjusted in real time according to market conditions, and the adjustments will be made without further notice.]

**Other Cases of Funding**

Funding are charged at the settlements. For users with low margin rates, they will be charged less (or not). Only the maximum payable funding of the user will be charged, and the excess will not be charged. The maximum payable funding is calculated as following:

Maximum payable funding = max (0, static equity - adjustment factor * abs (net position) * contract face value * settlement price / leverage)